CHICAGO, ILLINOIS—Support for medical testing on animals has declined 12% since 2001 in the United States, and the Internet may be responsible, according to an analysis presented here today at the annual meeting of AAAS, which publishes Science. The study, conducted by researchers at the advocacy group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and Western Governors University, an online school based in Salt Lake City, looked at Gallup survey data from the past 12 years. After weighting the data to ensure they were nationally representative, the researchers found that 41% of American adults considered animal testing “morally wrong” in 2013, up from 29% in 2001. Opposition to such testing has risen among all demographic groups, but the biggest jump has been among people aged 18 to 29; 54% of them found animal testing morally wrong in 2013, versus just 31% in 2001. The team says the surge in Internet use during this period may explain the trend. Animal rights and animal welfare organizations have a much stronger presence on social media than do pro-animal testing groups—PETA has more than 2 million followers on Facebook and nearly a half million on Twitter, for example, versus 130,000 and 1700, respectively, for the Foundation for Biomedical Research. As a result, the researchers speculate, these organizations may getting their message out more effectively, especially among young people.See more of our coverage from AAAS 2014.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
Odisha Assembly Speaker Surjya Narayan Patro on Friday directed Revenue and Disaster Management Minister Sudam Marndi to make a statement on the deficit rainfall situation in the State within two days.The Speaker gave the ruling after Leader of the Congress Legislature Party Narasingha Mishra and Congress MLA Santosh Singh Saluja expressed concern over the deficit rainfall in Bolangir district. Both the leaders are from different constituencies in Bolangir.Mr. Saluja said one farmer’s death by suicide due to crop loss in the Sadar block of the Bolangir district this week has already been reported. All the blocks of the district were facing drought-like situation, he added.Delayed actionMr. Mishra also blamed the State government for delaying action to tackle the situation thus arising. The State government had been falsely claiming that 33% of the cultivable land in Bolangir had assured irrigation, he said.Mr. Mishra also demanded financial assistance for the farmer who had died in Bolangir due to loss of his kharif crop.On Thursday, ruling Biju Janata Dal MLA Ananta Das from Bhograi had also claimed that a drought-like situation was prevailing in coastal Balasore district.At least 17 of the 30 districts in the State have recorded deficit rainfall so far, according to weather experts. As a result, agricultural operations have been badly hit in many parts of the State, including districts of Jagatsinghpur and Jajpur.
Riding on a superb bowling performance followed by skipper David Warner’s quick-fire 59, Sunrisers Hyderabad outclassed a spiritless Kings XI Punjab by five wickets in an Indian Premier League (IPL) match at the Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium here on Saturday.Warner continued his sublime form in the tournament as he struck seven boundaries and three sixes in his 31-ball innings to help team chase down Punjab’s meagre total of 143/6 by posting 146/5 with 13 balls to spare. Warner was well supported by Shikhar Dhawan (45). (This is how Mustafizur, Warner starred in SRH’s win over KXIP)Mustafizur Rahman (2/9) and Moises Henriques (2/33) were the pick of the bowlers for Hyderabad.Chasing a target of 144, the hosts got off to a flying start scoring 65 for no loss in the powerplay. Leading the way was skipper Warner who smashed the Punjab bowlers to all parts off the park to being up his half-century in just 23 balls.The Australian kept his good form in the tournament going as he returned back to the top of the leading run scorer list with 294 runs from five games.But the 90-run partnership for the first wicket came to an end in the 10th over when Warner trying to up the scoring rate was caught by David Miller at long-on off the bowling off Sandeep Sharma.Hyderabad received a double blow when incoming batsman Aditya Tare (0) trying to sneak an impossible single off his first ball finally ran himself to have his team at 90/2 in the tenth over.Next up, Eoin Morgan (25) stayed calm to help team close in on the target after Dhawan was dismissed in 14th over.advertisementEarlier put into bat, Punjab got off to a disappointing start losing opener Murali Vijay (2) in the third over itself to have the visitors in the backfoot.But his opening partner Manan Vohra (25), who looked good right from the start, sneaking in with ones and twos and striking three fours and one six, ran himself out in the final ball of the powerplay to leave the team at 35/2.Incoming batsman Marsh used his experience to best effect to hold on to the wicket. But Punjab from there on received two quick blows in one over with Henriques dismissing hard-hitters David Miller (9) followed by Glenn Maxwell (1) in the 10th over to have the visitors in a spot of bother at 65/4.Marsh was the lone fighter for his side after hitting three boundaries and two sixes until young Bangladeshi sensation Mustafizur got the left-handed batsman leg before wicket to have Punjab in trouble at 89/5 in 14th over.But Axar Patel (36 not out) and Nikhil Naik (22) played a handy knock in the end to help team cross the 140-run mark.Mustafizur was exceptional with his variations as he conceded only nine runs in his four overs.Brief Scores: Kings XI Punjab 143/6 in 20 overs (Shaun Marsh 40; Muztafizur Rahman 2-9, Moises Henriques 2-33) vs Sunrisers Hyderebad 146/5 in 17.5 overs (David Warner 59, Sandeep Sharma 1-30)
Royal Challengers Bangalore with a star-studded batting line-up and batsmen putting up a show should not come as a surprise. AB de Villiers and Virat Kohli took centrestage and what followed – carpet bombing. (IPL Full Coverage) Put into bat, RCB didn’t look at home after getting off to a slow start but once de Villiers walked in after the fall of Chris Gayle, runs started to flow. On seeing his batting partner at the other end going ballistic, Kohli took a back seat as the South African notched up his century in no time off 43 balls. (Also read: Suresh Raina in awe of Virat Kohli-AB de Villiers masterclass) Then a sedate Kohli decided to shift gears and he too raced to his third century of the season. The carnage was too hot for the Gujarat Lions’ bowlers to handle as de Villiers and Kohli put up a record 229-run stand, highest in T20s. Gayle’s poor outing in IPL 2016 continued as he fell cheaply for 6 and then de Villiers (129*) and Kohli (109) feasted on the bowlers to power RCB to a mammoth 248. ABD’s secret is out De Villiers credited his partnership with Kohli as crucial but at the same time put importance on his own shot selections. “A lot of things have played a role today. We were very calm as a team and I walked out almost feeling careless, not afraid to lose wickets, but still play good cricket shots. We timed our innings and the partnership really well,” de Villiers said. “My secret is very very simple. My wife came here to watch me today,” de Villiers said. “I faced too many dot balls,” (laughs, when asked if this was his best T20 innings) ‘Pleasure to bat with de Villiers’ Kohli had a slow start to his innings but took off once de Villiers joined him at the crease. The RCB captain said the thought of making a century never crossed his mind while batting. “It’s always a pleasure batting with AB. He gave me a lot of confidence after I had a slow start, but he just took over. I did not think about the hundred, but when I hit Shivil for three sixes, there was hope,” Kohli said. Everything went fine “I think everything went very well according to plans. There was a good feeling in the dressing room, our preparation was good,” Kohli added. Kohli, who is now the holder of the Orange Cap leading the batting charts with 677 runs and three centuries this season, was confident of his side doing well. Moreover, he is relishing the challenge where RCB need to win every match in order to stay afloat for the playoffs. “We know we are a good batting unit and today was just one of those days we just do what we know best. We played smart cricket. “I love the situation that we are in. Everyday is a new challenge,” Kohli on RCB’s status quo.advertisement
K L University (KLU), Guntur has released an admission notification inviting applications from interested, eligible candidates to apply for its full time and part time Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in sciences, management and humanities and full time and part time Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in engineering, sciences, management and humanities for the academic year 2017.Eligibility criteriaEducational qualification:Ph.D in Engineering: Candidates interested in applying for this programme must possess a minimum 60 per cent marks or 6.75 CGPA (55 per cent marks or 6.25 CGPA for SC/ST students) in Master’s degree in engineering/technology or MTech by research or equivalent degree from any university recognised by UGC.Ph.D in Sciences/Management/Humanities: Candidates interested in applying for this programme must possess a minimum of 55 per cent marks or 6.25 CGPA (50 per cent marks for SC/ST/ differently abled students) in Master’s degree or its equivalent degree in the relevant area from any university recognised by UGC.M.Phil in Sciences/Management/Humanities: Candidates interested in applying for this programme must possess a minimum 55 per cent of marks or equivalent CGPA( 50 per cent for SC/ST students/ differently abled) in arts, science, computer application and management of this university or any other qualification recognised as equivalent thereto in the field of study.Selection procedure:Candidates will be selected on the basis of an entrance test, interview and academic performance.How to apply:The candidates are required to apply at the official website. They can also obtain the same in person or by post and send the completed form along with other relevant documents to ‘ The Registrar, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram- 522502.’advertisementImportant datesLast date for receiving applications is December 10.Entrance test and interviews will be conducted on December 18.Final merit list/results will be declared on December 27.
Environmental and societal well-being Human agency and oversight Statement on Algorithmic Transparency and Accountability by the ACM US Public Policy Council and ACM Europe Policy Committee: Seven Principles AI4People’s Ethical Framework for a Good AI society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations Transparency The Asilomar 23 principles for AI development from the 2017 Asilomar conference Montreal (Canada) Declaration of Responsible AI Accountability Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Advanced Technology Everyday Ethics for Artificial Intelligence: A Practical Guide for Designers and Developers The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence , paper published in Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, by Machine Intelligence Research Institute IEEE ‘s Ethically Aligned Design, First Edition Partnership on AI is established. Pillar 2 of 6 thematic pillars that will guide their work is Fair, Transparent, and Accountable AI The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence from The Wheatley Institution at Brigham Young University For IBM, four main areas, which comprise most of these seven, contribute to AI trust. They are 1) fairness, which includes detecting and mitigating bias in AI solutions; 2) robustness or reliability; 3) explainability, which is knowing how the AI system makes decisions so it’s not a black box; and 4) lineage or traceability.Francesca Rossi, AI ethics global leader at IBM, is one of the 52 members of the EC’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence that created its guidelines. She told EE Times a little about how the EC group arrived at its list. “We started from the European Charter of fundamental rights, then listed four main principles, and finally defined seven concrete requirements for trustworthy AI,” she said. “Common in all these efforts, and to IBM’s trust and transparency principles, is the idea that we need to build trust in AI and also in those who produce AI by adopting a transparency approach to development.”Rossi, who also co-authored the November 2018 AI4PEOPLE Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society, emphasized that each successive effort in writing guidelines builds on earlier ones. For example, the authors of the AI4PEOPLE initiative, whose paper contains several concrete recommendations for ethical AI, first looked at many guidelines and standards proposals. These included the 23 principles for AI from the 2017 Asilomar conference, the Montreal Declaration for Responsible AI, the IEEE standards proposals, the European Commission’s earlier draft AI ethics guidelines, the Partnership on AI’s tenets, and the AI code from the UK Parliament’s House of Lords report. The authors grouped these together and came up with a synthesis of five principles for AI development and adoption.Work to combine and merge these different efforts is ongoing, even if it doesn’t result in the same principles for different kinds of AI or for different geographical and cultural regions. “It’s important that this work of combining and merging is done in a multi-disciplinary way, with the collaboration of social scientists and civil society organizations — for example, the ACLU — that understand the impact of this technology on people and society, and the possible issues in deploying AI in a pervasive but not responsible way,” she said.IBM has created its own practical guide for designers and developers, Everyday Ethics for Artificial Intelligence. The guide helps developers avoid unintended bias andthink about trusted AI issues at the very beginning of the design and development phases of an AI system. “This is fundamental because the desired properties of trusted AI cannot be added to a system once it’s deployed,” said Rossi.Guidelines and Best Practices for Achieving AI FairnessThere are several proposals for guidelines, best practices, and standards for algorithms and the deployment of AI. Here’s a sampling. Translation: Excerpts from China’s ‘White Paper on Artificial Intelligence Standardization’ NEC Unveils “NEC Group AI and Human Rights Principles” The very short list of principles Diversity, non-discrimination and fairness A Harm Reduction Framework for Algorithmic Fairness Technical robustness and safety UK Parliament’s House of Lords report on AI Includes an AI code with five principles Privacy and date governance European Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI Editor’s Note: This article is part of an AspenCore Special Project on AI Fairness. BOULDER CREEK, Calif. — A question that often arises when discussing AI fairness is, who decides what fairness means? Can anyone agree on a definition, and on how developers can apply it to algorithms and models? One paper presented at the 2018 ACM/IEEE International Workshop on Software Fairness found 20 different definitions. What different perspectives and disciplines, which stakeholders, need to be involved in determining the definition, or definitions if more than one are needed?Many organizations and research groups have published guidelines and best practices for delineating what AI fairness and ethics should be and how these should be implemented (see Guidelines links below). Beyond these suggestions, there are also some recent attempts at codifying guidelines and best practices into law (see Law links, bottom of page 2). Several guidelines have been published by multi-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder groups, such as the Partnership on AI, which now has about 90 partners including both non-profits and companies, such as IBM. The most recent, and probably the most high-profile, is the European Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI, released in April.The EC guidelines reflect a consensus emerging during the last couple of years in the major concepts and concerns, in particular that AI should be trustworthy, and that AI fairness is part of that trustworthiness. As articulated by the EC, trustworthy AI has seven key requirements: Continue Reading Previous Cervoz: ultra-thin NVMe storage for industrial embedded applicationNext Antenova ships precision positioning antenna Raptor Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must Register or Login to post a comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
It has taken a few days to process Hoffenheim’s debut Champions League campaign but Tuesday’s last-gasp defeat to Shakhtar Donetsk means Die Kraichgauer have scored 10 goals in their matches with the Ukrainian champions, Manchester City and Lyon, but have still not managed to win once and their campaign will not now continue after Christmas.“I don’t believe it’s possible to play better than we did with 10 men,” Julian Nagelsmann said, having chased and dominated the game with belief and no little poise despite playing the last half-hour a man down after Adam Szalai’s red card. The coach had extrapolated his view of a drawn match – “pointless” – beyond this particular scenario and into his general philosophy. Topics 18Fortuna Dusseldorf13-169 7Hertha Berlin13120 11Schalke 0413-414 Twitter European round-up: PSG drop points for first time in Bordeaux draw Eintracht Frankfurt 1-2 Wolfsburg, RB Leipzig 2-0 Borussia Mönchengladbach, Hoffenheim 1-1 Schalke, Borussia Dortmund 2-0 Freiburg, Hannover 0-2 Hertha Berlin, Stuttgart 1-0 Augsburg, Werder Bremen 1-2 Bayern Munich, Fortuna Dusseldorf 0-1 Mainz Bayern Munich’s president Uli Hoeness speaks during the club’s annual general meeting. Photograph: Philipp Guelland/EPA Bundesliga Hoffenheim’s Kerem Demirbay fires in a free kick during the Bundesliga match between Hoffenheim and Schalke. Photograph: Michael Probst/AP Share on Messenger Thank you for your feedback. Was this helpful? 6Hoffenheim13921 Pinterest Share on Twitter Schalke Share via Email Their latest meeting was a reflection of that, and of how these feted coaching stars are developing. Nagelsmann, despite a few near misses and unlucky breaks, has coped with his first season in the Champions League pretty well. Hoffenheim have ridden out injury problems and their recent domestic form is good – they are now unbeaten in six league games. Perhaps most significantly, they have even more points than at the same stage last season, a campaign in which they managed a best-ever finish of third to secure automatic Champions League qualification.Nagelsmann’s team has really evolved, too. They have become more enterprising and aggressive, and took the game to Schalke from the beginning with Steven Zuber hitting the bar in the opening five minutes. Even though the visitors came back into the game, the home side managed 20 efforts on goal (of 35 in the match) with marginally less than half the possession. ZDF’s Aktuelle Sportstudio, which rounds up the Saturday Bundesliga action at night, made a point of cutting footage of Hoffenheim penning in Schalke with their pressing with shots of Tedesco on the touchline, with a concerned face, nodding in apparent if pained approval. There is no sense of Nagelsmann standing still or marking time before his departure for Leipzig next summer.Curiously, Tedesco’s team have showed signs of developing too, which is perhaps less expected. He is a decidedly un-Schalke type of coach, with a style built on containment and counter. That he could get his players to absorb and accept this approach is testament to just how convincing he is, but when the results don’t come (and Schalke lost the opening five of this season), what is there left?Maybe Tedesco would have tweaked the approach anyway but it’s hard not to conclude that he has posed himself the same question and Saturday’s side, on the back of 10 goals in their last three home games but a rather sorry Champions League display on the road at Porto, was a daring one. Even shorn of attackers including Mark Uth, Breel Embolo and Steven Skrzybski, Schalke took the game to Hoffenheim and deserved their equaliser at the very least, given to them by Nabil Bentaleb’s penalty – one of three penalties awarded by referee Robert Kampka, with the other two converted by Andrej Kramaric from the home team and overturned by VAR respectively, after Zuber was initially penalised for handball in the first half, much to Tedesco’s annoyance.Unlike Nagelsmann, Tedesco has made it to the last 16 of the Champions League at the first attempt, albeit slightly aided by a fairly clement draw. That limp display in northern Portugal appeared to be a knock-on from the pre-kick-off news that Lokomotiv Moscow’s defeat of Galatasaray had put both Porto and Schalke through. While Hoffenheim’s caprices largely stem from what is either defensive disregard or incapability (probably more of the former than the latter), Schalke are dealing with growing pains as they attempt to reconcile Tedesco’s base philosophy with a gutsier approach more consistent with the club’s tradition. The Fiver: sign up and get our daily football email. Quick guide Bundesliga results Show Read more PosTeamPGDPts Hoffenheim’s head coach Julian Nagelsmann directs his team. Photograph: Armando Babani/EPA Facebook 16Nurnberg12-1610 1Borussia Dortmund132433 Twitter 3RB Leipzig131425 Pinterest 4Bayern Munich13724 2Borussia M’gladbach131426 Four days later, back in Sinsheim, Nagelsmann softened his stance after Saturday afternoon’s stalemate with Schalke. “I can live with the point,” he said, despite believing his team should have had more. His opposite number Domenico Tedesco, who talked of “two points dropped”, felt the same.This was a 1-1 draw in which the scoreline did absolutely no justice to the match itself. This was the Bundesliga at its finest; loopy, unpredictable, chaotic, irrational. Hoffenheim once again showed the full range of their wonderful, maddening inconsistencies against a Schalke team freed from a dreadful start to the season, but now mired in mid-table ennui.It ended, as well, with Nagelsmann and Tedesco speaking as if they had been watching two entirely different games. There would be little amiss in an innate unreasonableness on both sides; after all, this was a meeting of the two youngest coaches in the Bundesliga at 31 and 33 respectively, both with an insatiable appetite for self-improvement. That they earned their coaching badges together at Sportschule Hennef, to the east of Bonn (Tedesco was top of the class), before Tedesco took over Hoffenheim’s under-19 side when Nagelsmann moved up to first-team duty, adds a perceived edge to their confrontations, though it is clear to regular observers of both that their motivations come from within rather than from any external forces. Share on Pinterest They have picked the right moment to do it. “I saw a brave team today and that’s important, because that’s the way we have to play against Dortmund,” Tedesco said, though he refused to countenance any comparison with their rivals, who they face in the Revierderby on Saturday. For Nagelsmann, considering the opposition sometimes appears to be an afterthought.“I always want to win,” he had said after the Shakhtar loss, “and I want to win everything. I want to win against Manchester City too.” That attitude is doing his club little harm and if this was anything to go by, Tedesco appears readier than ever to join his old colleague in speculating to accumulate. Reuse this content Talking points• Last Friday was Bayern Munich‘s AGM, an Angry General Meeting if ever there was one. President Uli Hoeness appeared taken aback to be met with such stringent criticism of his dealings with the media, for one, as well as the sponsorship deal with Qatar Airways. One attendee hung a flag emblazoned with the legend ‘Not my president’ in front of his seat. Saturday afternoon’s win at Werder Bremen wasn’t plain sailing either, though the home side’s equaliser by Yuya Osako – the result of more indecision between Manuel Neuer and Jérôme Boateng – proved to be little more than collateral damage, sandwiched in between a match-winning brace by Serge Gnabry on his return to Weser. 8Wolfsburg13018 13Freiburg13-614 15Stuttgart13-1711 Twitter Share on Facebook Share on WhatsApp 14Augsburg13-213 Facebook Facebook • Dortmund moved seven points clear at the top with an unspectacular 2-0 win over Freiburg, with Jadon Sancho winning the penalty for Marco Reus to score the first and heavily involved in Paco Alcácer’s second. The players were chipper enough to interrupt their dressing room soundtrack of trap and hip-hop post-match to reward coach Lucien Favre with a blast of Sweet Caroline.• They were also indebted to Timo Werner’s brace for Leipzig, which beat second-placed Borussia Mönchengladbach on Sunday and widened the gap. 1899 Hoffenheim European club football features Pinterest 12Bayer Leverkusen12-614 17Hannover 9613-139 Share on LinkedIn 9Werder Bremen13-118 5Eintracht Frankfurt131423 10Mainz13-218 Hide
OTTAWA – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says the safety of children is a priority, but he won’t say whether his government will move ahead with a public registry for high-risk sex offenders.In the House of Commons, Conservative MPs demanded Wednesday to know whether the Liberals would create the online tool, made possible by legislation the previous government ushered through Parliament.The Canadian Press recently reported that Public Safety officials had urged the Liberals to put the brakes on a public registry.An internal March 2016 memo says “a number of concerns have been raised” — from resource pressures to fears of vigilante-style attacks on offenders — that would support dropping the idea of a public database.“If the Liberals have a problem with the public being informed about dangerous criminals living in their neighbourhood, then Canadian parents have a right to know,” Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer said during question period Wednesday.Trudeau said police are already advised when high-risk sex offenders are released and that officers can inform the public of any concerns.The Conservatives wouldn’t let the issue go.MP Rob Nicholson, a former justice minister, said Canadians should a public registry would give people information to help keep their children safe. “Will the prime minister do the right thing, yes or no? Canadians deserve to know.”Trudeau accused the Opposition of playing “the worst kind of crass political games” on a serious issue.The Conservatives tabled legislation for the public registry, but “did not put any money toward it,” which was typical of the previous government, Trudeau said.“It was all talking a big game, not actually delivering. We are focused on concretely keeping our communities safe and giving police the tools necessary to keep our communities safe.”The Canadian Press used the Access to Information Act to recently obtain the March 2016 memo and other internal notes on legislative measures to crack down on child predators.The proposed database would provide the public with a national inventory of high-risk child sex offenders in their communities and allow them to take appropriate precautions, the notes say. Currently such information is available only to authorities.The notes indicate that officials recommended proceeding with elements of the legislation that impose new reporting requirements on registered sex offenders and allow for better information sharing between federal agencies.But officials suggested Public Safety Canada and RCMP would undertake a review and consult interested parties “for a fully informed assessment of the proposed new database” and develop options for the government.A Public Safety official said last week that “work on this initiative is ongoing.”— Follow @JimBronskill on Twitter
This year we will experience a weak El Nino, combined with the Blob ( an area of warmer water temps found in the North Pacific). This means El Nino delivers Pacific air to Western Canada instead of Arctic air (warmer) and the presence of the Blob causes the jet stream to track further north. These two working together give the signal of milder weather.This season, mild Pacific air will be more dominant then cold Arctic air and precipitation should be closer to normal amounts of 190 cm of snow and not the 340 cm received last year.“For the next 7-10 days will be quiet with temperatures going up and down, these are considerably milder days with no severe cold spells as there is a lack of persistent Arctic air,” said Gillham. FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – This winter season will be milder than normal temperatures, forecasted as a whole for the region.“Compared to the severity of previous winters this winter will be a bit gentler than normal,” said Doug Gillham, Meteorologist for the Weather Network.To forecast weather, Meteorologists use computer models that are designed to simulate dominant jet stream patterns globally for that upcoming season. By looking back to the past for similar patterns and then applying what happened during that winter, comparing the influence of El Nino and La Nina produces weather forecasts.
WINNIPEG — Grain quotes Monday for tonnes, basis Lakehead:Canola (Vancouver): Open High Low Close FriJuly ‘ 17 0.00 0.00 0.00 582.80 571.10Nov. 517.30 531.30 517.30 530.40 517.30Jan. ’18 525.60 534.40 525.60 533.60 520.80March 529.90 537.70 529.90 536.90 524.20May 529.90 537.70 529.90 537.10 524.90July 536.70 539.00 533.10 537.80 526.00Nov. 496.50 496.50 488.20 497.30 488.40Jan. ’19 0.00 0.00 0.00 498.00 489.10March 0.00 0.00 0.00 498.00 489.10May 0.00 0.00 0.00 498.00 489.10July 0.00 0.00 0.00 498.00 489.10Barley (Western): Open High Low Close FriJuly ’17 0.00 0.00 0.00 138.00 138.00Oct. 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00Dec. 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00March ’18 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00May 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00July 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00Oct. 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00Dec. 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00March ’19 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00May 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00July 0.00 0.00 0.00 140.00 140.00ICE Futures Canada cash prices:Feed wheat: Track Thunder Bay CW: $178.00Canola:Thunder Bay No. 1 Canada: $535.40 (November 2017)Vancouver No. 1 Canada: $555.40 (November 2017)
New Democratic Party (NDP) leader Jagmeet Singh launches his election campaign at the Goodwill Centre in London, Ontario, Canada September 11, 2019. Sept. 20: Ban all military-style assault rifles and work with provinces and territories to empower municipalities to further restrict or ban handguns. Create a buy-back program for all legally purchased assault rifles and have a two-year amnesty while the program is being set up. Not re-establish the controversial long-gun registry.Sept. 18: Increase old age security by an extra 10 per cent once a senior turns 75 with change to take effect July 2020; increase the Canada Pension Plan survivor benefit by 25 per cent.Sept. 17: Increase the Canada child benefit by 15 per cent for children under one, remove federal taxes from employment-insurance payments for maternity and parental leave, introduce an extra 15 weeks of leave for adoptive parents (EI currently covers 35 weeks for adoptive parents), and work to establish “guaranteed paid family leave” for those who don’t qualify for EI.Story continues belowThis advertisement has not loaded yet,but your article continues below.Sept. 16: Spend at least $535 million per year to help create up to 250,000 more spaces for children in before- and after-school child-care programs, reduce fees parents pay for elementary school programs by 10 per cent, and ensure 10 per cent of new spaces go to parents who work outside normal hours.Sept. 13: Eliminate the “swipe fee” merchants pay to credit-card companies on every transaction, reduce the cost of federal incorporation, make federal business advisory services fee-free, create a voluntary payroll system to automate records for small businesses, launch a pilot project to give up to $50,000 to up to 2,000 entrepreneurs to help them start businesses, and give $250 for new businesses to develop a website or e-commerce platform.Sept. 12: Impose a national one-per-cent tax on properties owned by non-Canadians and non-residents; raise the value of homes eligible for the first-time home-buyer incentive to $789,000 from $505,000.Conservatives Leader of Canada’s Conservatives Andrew Scheer campaigns for the upcoming election in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, September 18, 2019. Green Party leader Elizabeth May shares a laugh with local candidates during a campaign stop outside Sunalta LRT station near downtown Calgary on Friday, September 20, 2019. Jim Wells/Postmedia Carlos Osorio/REUTERS Sept. 18: Extend full public dental coverage to households making less than $70,000, and partial coverage to households with incomes between $70,000 and $90,000, starting in 2020.Sept. 17: Build 500,000 new affordable homes over 10 years, starting with an immediate investment of $5 billion.Sept. 15: Give Quebec new funding to help integrate immigrants, increased powers in areas such as environmental assessment and trade agreements, expand the province’s language law, Bill 101, to cover all federally regulated companies in Quebec, the right to withdraw from federal programs with financial compensation. Also, let Quebec sign the Constitution on its own terms.Sept. 14: Establish a national automotive strategy, including a $300-million auto innovation fund. Purchase Canadian-made zero-emissions vehicles to update government fleets. Increase consumer incentives for zero-emissions vehicles to $15,000 from $5,000, but only for vehicles made in Canada.Create a Canadian food strategy to help build local food hubs that link local producers to consumers, and encourage community-supported agriculture.Sept. 13: Put a price cap on cellphone and internet services, introduce a telecom consumers’ bill of rights, require service providers to offer basic plans and affordable unlimited data plans for cellphones, end caps for internet plans.Sept. 12: Work with province and municipality to get built a hospital in Brampton, Ont.Greens Prime Minister Justin Trudeau speaks with Liberal party supporters and volunteers after launching the election campaign at a rally in Vancouver, British Columbia September 11, 2019. Rebecca Cook/REUTERS Jennifer Gauthier/REUTERS Sept. 20: Spend $1.5 billion in first term to purchase MRI and CT machines to replace aging equipment and add machines across the country to reduce wait times for potentially life-saving tests. Maintain and enrich the current funding formula for the Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer to provinces.Sept. 19: Increase the Age Tax Credit by $1,000, which the party says would save individual seniors up to $150 and couples as much as $300.Sept. 18: Review all federal business subsidies and eliminate economic-development programs where funds benefit shareholders, corporate executives, foreign companies, lobbyists or consultants to find $1.5 billion in annual savings; make sure regional ministers oversee regional development agencies; support “strategic industries,” such as aerospace, if the money stays in Canada and creates or protects jobs.Sept. 17: Increase federal contribution to registered education savings plans (RESPs) from 20 per cent to 30 per cent for every dollar families add to the savings program, up to $2,500 per year. Provide low-income parents payments worth 50 per cent on the first $500 they invest annually.Sept. 16: Provide up to $150 back on taxes per child up to age 16 enrolled in sports and fitness classes. Provide up to $75 back on taxes per child up to age 16 in an arts and learning program, such as dance classes, drawing or after-school tutoring.Sept. 15: Cut the tax rate on the lowest federal income bracket (up to $47,630) from 15 per cent to 13.75 per cent over four years, which the party says would save a two-income couple earning average salaries about $850 a year.Sept. 13: Reintroduce a 15-per-cent tax credit for public transit that would apply at tax time to any transit pass allowing for unlimited travel within Canada on local buses, streetcars, subways, commuter trains, and ferries, as well as electronic fare cards when used for an extended period.Sept. 12: Remove federal income tax from maternity and parental benefits under employment insurance, by providing a tax credit of 15 per cent for any income earned under these two programs.NDP OTTAWA — A running list of specific promises announced by the Liberals, Conservatives, NDP and Green party since the official start of the federal election campaign on Sept. 11.Liberals Sept. 20: Spend $600 million in 2020-21, rising to $720 million by 2023, to develop regional rail networks and strengthen rail connections between regions, and building high-speed rail in the Toronto-Ottawa-Quebec City triangle and the Calgary-Edmonton corridor. Rebrand the Gas Tax Fund as the Municipal Fund and ensure a doubling of current funding for transit and other urban infrastructure. Create a national cycling and walking infrastructure fund.Sept. 19: Lower the federally set price for cannabis to make it competitive with illegal supplies; eliminate requirements for excess plastic packaging on legal cannabis; remove sales tax on medicinal marijuana products; allow outdoor production of cannabis; impose organic production standards for cannabis.Sept. 18: Expand medicare system to include dental care for low-income Canadians.Sept. 17: Require political parties to follow the Privacy Act; prohibit warrantless intrusions on Canadians’ communications, ban cyber-surveillance programs that use bulk data collection; increase the powers of the federal privacy commissioner; and require companies to respect a “right to be forgotten” online.Sept. 16: View all policy through the lens of the climate crisis: the economy, health, education, foreign affairs, immigration, public safety, defence, social welfare, transportation.Re-introduce legislation to enshrine the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in Canadian law and implement the calls to action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.Create universal pharmacare.Eliminate post-secondary tuition fees and forgive federal student debt.Create a “guaranteed livable income” program.Set the federal minimum wage at $15 per hour.Require a 60-per-cent cut in Canada’s greenhouse-gas emissions below 2005 levels by 2030, reaching net zero in 2050; have 100 per cent of Canada’s electricity come from renewable sources by 2030; ban the sale of cars with combustion engines by 2030.End pipeline, coal, oil or gas drilling and mining approvals, cancel the Trans Mountain pipeline and fossil-fuel subsidies.Ban the production, distribution and sale of unnecessary or non-essential petroleum-based single-use plastics by 2022.Decriminalize drug possession and lower the federally set price for cannabis to make it competitive with illegal supplies.Eliminate mandatory minimum criminal sentences.Ensure that the 2019 election is the last “first past the post” election and lower the voting age to 16.Apply a corporate tax on transnational e-commerce companies doing business in Canada such as Netflix, Facebook, Amazon, Google, and Uber.Increase the federal corporate tax rate from 15 to 21 per cent.Limit credit-card interest rates to a maximum of 10 percentage points above the Bank of Canada prime rate, and limit ATM fees to $1 per transaction, as well as ban financial institutions from charging their own customers ATM fees.Study the impacts of adopting a shorter work week.Reform anti-trust laws to enable the break-up of media conglomerates, increase funding to CBC and Radio-Canada by $315 million per year until the per-capita level of funding is equal to that of the BBC.Eliminate the first-time home-buyer grant.
LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. — The Latest on the AdvoCare Invitational (all times local):4 p.m.Kyvon Davenport scored 16 points and grabbed 10 rebounds for his 10th career double-double, and Memphis beat Canisius 71-63 in a consolation-round game at the AdvoCare Invitational on Friday.Mike Parks and Antwann Jones both had 14 points for Memphis (3-2), which will play the winner of UAB-Charleston in the fifth-place game Sunday. The Tigers lost 84-64 to Oklahoma State Thursday.Canisius (1-4) got 18 points from Takal Molson and Isaiah Reese had 14.The Golden Griffins will look to avoid losing all three games at the invitational when they face the loser of UAB-Charleston Sunday for seventh place.Canisius opened the tournament Thursday with an 83-56 loss to defending national champion Villanova.Jones had 10 points to help Memphis go up 40-31 at halftime.___1:40 p.m.Eric Paschall had 22 points and Phil Booth added 20 as Villanova advanced to the title game of the AdvoCare Invitational by beating Oklahoma State 77-58 on Friday.The Wildcats, who made a tournament record 16 3-pointers, will play on Sunday against the winner of No. 14 Florida State’s game against No. 19 LSU.Villanova (4-2) stopped a two-game skid by beating Canisius 82-56 in Thursday’s first round.Mike Cunningham scored 15 points for Oklahoma State (3-2).Paschall had 20 points, including six 3-pointers, as Villanova took a 42-26 halftime advantage. The Wildcats, who led by as many as 18 points, went 10 for 24 from 3-point range during the half.Oklahoma State got within 13 before Dhamir Cosby-Roundtree’s dunk put Villanova up 71-56 with two minutes remaining.Booth’s 3-pointer gave Villanova a 54-29 lead four minutes into the second half.Oklahoma State closed to 60-47 on Cunningham’s 3 with 8 1/2 minutes to go.The Cowboys will face the Florida State-LSU loser Sunday for third place.___More AP college basketball: https://apnews.com/Collegebasketball and https://twitter.com/AP_Top25The Associated Press
ASX-listed Cougar Energy says it will focus exclusively on the long-term commercial development of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) technology, following on-going progress with its Australian and international UCG projects. The UCG process enables deep coal deposits to be converted into a syngas suitable for use as a fuel in power generation or the manufacture of a range of petroleum products. Cougar Energy has recently completed the drilling program on its Kingaroy UCG project area in Queensland, with a total of 19 open and cored holes being drilled over an area of approximately 5 km2. Preliminary evaluation of the drill results has been in progress for the past three weeks, leading to a re-interpretation of the geology, as two target coal seams (the Kunioon and Goodger seams) are now recognised as having UCG potential. In addition, two standpipe installations are in place, from which groundwater samples are being collected to establish base-line water quality. A finalised database is being prepared for submission to independent consultants for a JORC coal resource evaluation. With this work completed, technical discussions with the Company’s UCG technology provider, Ergo Exergy Technologies, have commenced to plan the installation of the first production wells and the subsequent initiation of the pilot burn.In Pakistan, Cougar Energy (UK) is completing negotiations with the Government of Sindh Province on the royalty applicable to UCG gas production from the proposed lease area in Block III of the Thar coalfield. It is anticipated that the lease will be granted on finalisation of the royalty, and geological evaluation of the existing data can commence.
Fortescue Metals Group (FMG) has shipped its 15 millionth tonne of iron ore through the Herb Elliott Port in Port Hedland, Western Australia, marking another milestone for the company. “The mine, rail and port operations teams worked hard throughout 2008 to achieve the 15 Mt milestone as the company continues to ramp-up its operations,” Fortescue Executive Director Operations Graeme Rowley said. “In December we shipped 2.6 Mt which is the highest monthly rate achieved to date. The fourth quarter result was 6.3 Mt shipped. In addition, the tonnes mined at Cloudbreak during 2008 totalled 19.5 Mt, just 1% shy of our target.“Credit must go to all of our staff for their achievements. Establishing and operating a large greenfields operation is very challenging and Fortescue’s positive culture has been instrumental in overcoming the hurdles that invariably occur in getting a project of this size up and running.”The Capesize vessel MV Mystic departed Port Hedland on January 5, 2009 with the 15 millionth tonne on board. Fortescue exported more than 14.8 Mt of high quality iron ore in 2008, after loading its first ore on ship on May 15, 2008. Fortescue also shipped 60,000 t for Atlas Iron in December, which marked the historic first shipment of iron ore by a third party from a Pilbara port.“We are continuing to finetune our operations and will increase mine, rail and port tonnage through 2009. Commissioning of the company’s desand plant at the Cloudbreak mine site is proceeding as planned, which will ensure Fortescue’s ore specification in quality and quantity is maintained,” Rowley said.
← Previous Story Kadetten Schaffhausen has lost third match in a row! Next Story → Italian title for the top team Facebook followers goes to….Lazio! HCM ConstantaMKB VeszpremVelux EHF Champions League In the opening match of the VELUX EHF CL Round 2, MKB Veszprem showed a strength in Romania against HCM Constanta 37:27 (19:12). That was the second win for Hungarian champion with 10 goal difference, after they beat Celje PL 32:22 in the Round 1.CONSTANTA: Stanescu – Toma, Humet 4, Adzic, Val 1, SIMICU 7, Buricea 3, Popescu, CUTURA 6, Csepreghi, Sadovec, Sabou 3 (3), Angelovszki, Criciotoiu 2, Dragicevic 1 VESZPRÉM: ALILOVIC – Iváncsik T. 2, NAGY L. 4, CHEMA RODRÍGUEZ 2, Sulic 4, TERZIC 6, Ugalde 4. Fazekas, Schuch, CSÁSZÁR 8 (6), Iváncsik G. 2, Laluska, Dzsamali 2, ONETO 1, Gulyás P., Pérez 2
TWO BLACK-CLAD armed robbers made off with what is believed to be a substantial sum from a post office in Dublin yesterday.The incident occurred at around 10am when two males entered the post office, which is situated on level 1 of the Square in Tallaght.Gardaí said both men were dressed in black and were armed.They demanded cash from the staff and escaped with a sum of money.One robber escaped on foot while the other left by bicycle. No one was injured in the incident.Anyone with information can contact the gardaí at Tallaght on 1 666 6000 or can contact the garda confidential line anonymously on 1 800 666 111.
Thanks to a partnership that Google has just made with the British Library, we can finally read feminist pamphlets about Queen Marie-Antoinette from 1791 and an account of a stuffed hippopotamus owned by the Price of Orange from 1775. The United Kingdom’s national library is one of the world’s largest in terms of the number of materials, so it’s only natural that Google would want to help digitize some of the millions of books in the British Library.The collection holds about 150 million items, including books, journals, manuscripts, maps, stamps, music, patents, photographs, newspapers, and sound recordings. Soon, people around the world will be able to access 250,000 out-of-copyright books from the British Library via their computer, and Google’s paying for the whole thing. The material, which will be selected by the British Library will focus on books that are not freely available online in digital form, will be free at the British Library’s website or via Google Books.The material will span the dates of 1700 to 1870 — a period that saw the French and Industrial Revolutions, the Crimean War, the invention of the railroad and the telegraph, the start of UK income tax, and the end of slavery, according to a statement from the British Library.Dame Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library said that the partnership with Google allows the British Library to build on the “proud tradition” of giving everyone access to as much of the world’s information as possible to make sure that education and knowledge wasn’t only achievable for those who could afford private libraries. He said the partnership allows them to give “access to anyone, anywhere and at any time.”This isn’t the first partnership Google has made with a library; it has about 40 similar partnerships with libraries around the world. Readers will be able to view, search, and copy the out-of-copyright works for free, but it will take a few years to actually complete this project.Read more at the British Library, via PCMag
Les Américains somnolent plus que les EuropéensÉtats-Unis – Selon une récente étude présentée mardi dernier lors de la réunion de l’Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC à San Antonio, près d’un Américain sur cinq souffre de problèmes de somnolence durant la journée, contre 15% des Européens. Lors de l’étude, 19,5% des 8.937 adultes américains sondés ont déclaré avoir des problèmes modérés ou excessifs de somnolence, et s’assoupir à des moments de la journée où ils devraient être attentifs. Dans une autre étude précédemment menée, on apprenait que ce taux était de 15% chez les adultes européens.De plus, 11% des participants américains déclarent également avoir de sérieux problèmes de somnolence, les femmes étant plus touchées que les hommes (13% contre 8,6%). Cette différence entre Américains et Européens s’expliquerait simplement et logiquement par un manque de sommeil des premiers.Les personnes victimes d’apnée du sommeil en souffrent trois fois plus que les autres et les insomniaques ou les personnes ayant une durée de sommeil inférieure à six heures par nuit, deux fois plus, tout comme les personnes dépressives ou travaillant de nuit. Le 19 juin 2010 à 12:19 • Emmanuel Perrin
Chili : les incendies détruisent 23.000 hectares et font un mortD’importants incendies sévissent au Chili en ce début 2012. Des maisons ont brûlé, une personne est morte et 23.000 hectares de forêt ont déjà été ravagés par les flammes.Depuis le début de l’année, 48 feux de forêts se sont déclarés au Chili, parmi lesquels 13 ont été éteints, 20 sont contrôlés et 15 demeurent actifs. C’est ce qu’a indiqué le président Sebastian Piñera lundi, en communiquant le bulletin du Bureau national des urgences (Onemi). La vague d’incendie est aggravée par un début d’été sec et chaud. Le feu le plus important, dans un parc de Patagonie, était en passe d’être contrôlé lundi.À lire aussiLa migration de millions de crabes rouges filmée sur l’île de ChristmasAu total, ces incendies ont détruit 23.000 hectares de forêt, ont brûlé plusieurs maisons et ont fait un mort (un homme âgé de 75 ans qui a refusé d’évacuer sa maison). Cet homme a été victime de l’incendie qui reste le plus préoccupant, près de Quillon et Florida, dans la région très boisée de Biobio, à 500 kilomètres au sud de la capitale Santiago. Cet incendie a déjà détruit 10.000 hectares environ, une centaine de maisons et une usine de cellulose. Plus de 500 pompiers et agents forestiers combattent toujours les flammes. A l’Onegi, on n’écarte pas la piste criminelle en raison de la virulence des incendies.Toutefois, les autorités chiliennes étaient plus optimistes concernant l’incendie le plus spectaculaire qui, au sixième jour de lutte, mobilisait 700 hommes dans un parc naturel de Patagonie à l’aura internationale, le parc Torres del Paine. Ce parc est un sanctuaire de glaciers, de lacs et de forêts situé à 3.000 km au sud de Santiago et couvre 230.000 hectares. Jusqu’à aujourd’hui, environ 6 % de sa surface ont été rongés par les flammes.Un incendie qui a suscité une forte émotion Bien que 4 des 6 foyers d’incendie du parc “sont sous contrôle et ne progressent plus”, comme l’a indiqué le président, 12.800 hectares de forêts, d’arbustes et de lande ont déjà été détruits. Le chef de l’Etat a laissé entendre que la moitié environ du parc naturel, qui reçoit plus de 100.000 visiteurs par an, pourrait être réouverte au public, “on espère mercredi”. Néanmoins, selon des experts, la flore tardera à récupérer, comme certains arbustes de 80 ans qui ont été consumés. L’incendie du parc, un site emblématique, a suscité une forte émotion au Chili et M. Piñera a promis de revoir les lois sur la lutte contre les incendies jugeant que les textes qui datent de 1930 sont aujourd’hui insuffisants.Le 3 janvier 2012 à 12:26 • Maxime Lambert