Mouseless, the ‘invisible’ computer mouse (w/ Video) (PhysOrg.com) — When you hear the name Amenbo, what do you think of? Is it a computer mouse? Apparently the fine folks over at Double Research & Development Company did think of a mouse because they names their newest mouse the Amenbo. Of course, anything with a name this funky cannot be ordinary, it has to be unique and the Amenbo definitely is unique. Explore further Citation: Introducing the Amenbo, a five independent finger mouse (w/ video) (2011, June 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-amenbo-independent-finger-mouse-video.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com The Amenbo uses a set of pads that are placed under each of the fingers on a users hand. These pads are then used to determine the pressure and movements of each of those fingers and send that input into the PC. Each of these pads is then connected to a wire mesh that allows them to work in concert should they need to, or the fingers can work individually by adjusting the amount of pressure that is placed onto them. The mesh is able to stretch to accommodate the size of the user’s hand. With this system the mouse can then be used with a range of software applications that can work with complete hand recognition.Potential applications for the Amenbo including working with 3D CAD data. The system usually requires a user to operate both a 3D mouse and a standard mouse, one in each hand, which can be cumbersome and requires an adjustment period in order to gain proficiency. The Amenbo would be able to replace the two-mouse system. No word on the pricing or availability of this new style of mouse as of yet. Interested parties should contact the Double Research & Development Company for more information. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
More information: The genome sequence of Atlantic cod reveals a unique immune system, Nature (2011) doi:10.1038/nature10342AbstractAtlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a large, cold-adapted teleost that sustains long-standing commercial fisheries and incipient aquaculture. Here we present the genome sequence of Atlantic cod, showing evidence for complex thermal adaptations in its haemoglobin gene cluster and an unusual immune architecture compared to other sequenced vertebrates. The genome assembly was obtained exclusively by 454 sequencing of shotgun and paired-end libraries, and automated annotation identified 22,154 genes. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) II is a conserved feature of the adaptive immune system of jawed vertebrates, but we show that Atlantic cod has lost the genes for MHC II, CD4 and invariant chain (Ii) that are essential for the function of this pathway. Nevertheless, Atlantic cod is not exceptionally susceptible to disease under natural conditions5. We find a highly expanded number of MHC I genes and a unique composition of its Toll-like receptor (TLR) families. This indicates how the Atlantic cod immune system has evolved compensatory mechanisms in both adaptive and innate immunity in the absence of MHC II. These observations affect fundamental assumptions about the evolution of the adaptive immune system and its components in vertebrates. Citation: Sequencing of cod genome reveals unique immune system characteristic (2011, August 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-sequencing-cod-genome-reveals-unique.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com British cod stocks rebounding (PhysOrg.com) — Researchers working out of Norway’s University of Oslo have discovered through sequencing the genome of the Atlantic cod that the fish doesn’t have a gene critical to the immune system in most other vertebrae. The missing gene is one that codes for proteins called MHC II, CD4, and invariant chain. These proteins that reside on the outside of cells are responsible for noticing when bacteria or viruses land and then for calling CD4+ T cells to alert B cells which then start to crank out antibodies. The team has published its results in Nature. The Atlantic Cod Gadus morhua, is one of the more popular fish caught for consumption in the waters of the Atlantic, from North America to Europe, though it’s viability as a food source has come into question due to the collapse of several stocks in the 1990’s and their inability to recover. Subsequently, attempts have been made to create cod farms, but have met with mixed results due to the fish’s susceptibility to such infections as the bacterium Francisella noatunensis. It was this problem that led the Oslo team to sequence the cod’s genome in hopes of uncovering a means for creating a vaccine that would allow for more successful operations. Unfortunately, it appears that due to the cod’s missing genes, the traditional approach to creating a vaccine won’t work.To sequence the cod genome, the team used the Roche 454 platform and then aligned the result with that of the stickleback, a fish closely related to the cod that has already been sequenced. In so doing they found, in addition to the missing MHC II, new hemoglobin genes that are believed to help the cod survive in the very cold water in which it lives. The team says that the cod makes up for the MCH II deficiency by having more genes than other vertebrates, and also theorizes that the cod may also do more with MCH I (which normally specialize in finding intruders within cells) than other vertebrates.The discovery of the cod’s unique immune system has caused excitement in the immunology field because it opens the door to new ideas and ways of looking at how the immune system works and how such knowledge might be applied in developing better vaccines in cod farming; something that could become more important as natural fish populations decline. Cod, Gadus morhua. Image: © Hans-Petter Fjeld, via Wikipedia.
Planet ‘far away’ on climate goals: study Satellite image of ship tracks, clouds created by the exhaust of ship smokestacks. Image: NASA This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — A new report published in Nature Climate Change, by an international group of scientists, suggests that the goal of holding the average global temperature increase (due mainly to carbon emissions) to 2° C, that the United Nations agreed on at separate meetings in 2009/10, can still be reached, but it’s going to take an unprecedented effort by virtually all of the major countries of the world. More information: Emission pathways consistent with a 2 °C global temperature limit, Nature Climate Change (2011) doi:10.1038/nclimate1258In recent years, international climate policy has increasingly focused on limiting temperature rise, as opposed to achieving greenhouse-gas-concentration-related objectives. The agreements reached at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change conference in Cancun in 2010 recognize that countries should take urgent action to limit the increase in global average temperature to less than 2 °C relative to pre-industrial levels. If this is to be achieved, policymakers need robust information about the amounts of future greenhouse-gas emissions that are consistent with such temperature limits. This, in turn, requires an understanding of both the technical and economic implications of reducing emissions and the processes that link emissions to temperature. Here we consider both of these aspects by reanalysing a large set of published emission scenarios from integrated assessment models in a risk-based climate modelling framework. We find that in the set of scenarios with a ‘likely’ (greater than 66%) chance of staying below 2 °C, emissions peak between 2010 and 2020 and fall to a median level of 44 Gt of CO2 equivalent in 2020 (compared with estimated median emissions across the scenario set of 48 Gt of CO2 equivalent in 2010). Our analysis confirms that if the mechanisms needed to enable an early peak in global emissions followed by steep reductions are not put in place, there is a significant risk that the 2 °C target will not be achieved. The group, comprised of European, Japanese, Chinese and Australian scientists and researchers, and led by Joeri Rogelj, has been studying the published literature comparing current and projected rates of carbon emissions and has correlated those numbers with an expected rise in global temperatures as a result. They then set up scenarios (using modeling developed by Malte Meinshausen) where they tried to predict likely outcomes (defined as a 66% or better chance) of average global temperatures peaking at or below the 2 degree goal given defined reductions in carbon emissions within certain timeframes. In so doing they found that in order to meet the 2 degree ceiling goal, carbon emissions would have to peak sometime between now and 2020, and then would need to immediately fall thereafter, at least to a median level of 44 Gt (gigatonnes or billion tonnes) of CO2 equivalent in 2020. And it doesn’t stop there, levels would have to continue falling, to around 20 Gt by 2050.And while the group says it believes reaching these goals is possible, it’s clear that drastic action will need to be taken as last year’s estimates of carbon emissions was around 48 Gt, and based on the way things are going presently, many experts fear carbon emissions will increase to 56 Gt by 2020. As part of presenting their findings, the group laid out scenarios that they believe if followed, would result in meeting the 2 degree ceiling. These would generally include replacing carbon emitters (mainly coal) with energy producers that are based on solar photovoltaic, wind and biomass technologies.Also of concern are increases in regional temperatures, which are uneven due to the Earth being covered mostly in cold water. As the Earth warms up, temperatures over landmasses heat up far more quickly than they do over the oceans, thus, temperatures for some places such as parts of Africa, the Arctic, Canada and Eurasia, which are already seeing spikes, are likely to continue to do so. Some experts warn these areas might see the 2 degree threshold in just ten or twenty years.The next round of talks is scheduled to begin next month in Durban, South Africa, and some members of the research team are already speaking out, suggesting that unless immediate action is taken, the opportunity of meeting the 2 degree ceiling could slip away. Citation: Report: Holding global warming to 2C increase still possible if nations act (2011, October 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-10-global-2c-nations.html Explore further
High-voltage power lines are a source of UV light due to a build-up of ionized gas—when it suddenly dissipates, flashes of UV light are emitted. The larger the buildup and release the larger the flash. Power companies try to minimize such build-ups as they indicate a loss of power, or inefficiencies in a line—they use special goggles to find and repair large problem areas. Normally people only become aware of the flashes when they hear cracking or popping noises, particularly in winter.Many animals (approximately 35 known species) on the other hand, are able to see UV light in all its glory, and most of them appear to find it alarming in power cables. It tends to cause fragmenting of species, problems with grazing and a reduction in populations. Prior to this study, it was thought that perhaps animals avoided power line paths due to the openness of the terrain created when trees are removed. In this new effort, the researchers note that one species of animal, reindeer, appear to be particularly sensitive to the UV light. Not only can they see UV light (normally used to help find plants buried beneath snow) but their eyes are particularly sensitive to it because of the long dark winters. They see the UV light as random flashes lighting up the area (made worse when it bounces off snow and ice) accompanied by popping noises. It’s enough to cause the animals to stay away from lines and structures—they won’t walk under them, leaving them cut off from land on the other side. The problem has caused herders in Norway to be at odds with power companies over construction of new lines.Scientists have noted a tendency for animals to avoid power lines in places all over the globe, but were confused as to why—power lines are high enough to avoid contact and few people are around once they are put up. Some have suggested it was due to clear cutting vegetation, but animals in areas where there is little vegetation to begin with (such as reindeer habitat) have avoided them as well. More studies will have to be done to conclusively prove that it’s UV light, but at this point, it appears likely. © 2014 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Researchers find UV sensitivity in wide range of mammals More information: Tyler, N., Stokkan, K.-A., Hogg, C., Nellemann, C., Vistnes, A.-I. and Jeffery, G. (2014), Ultraviolet Vision and Avoidance of Power Lines in Birds and Mammals. Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12262 Credit: Tony Boon/Wikipedia Journal information: Conservation Biology Explore further Citation: Researchers suggest wild animals avoid power lines due to UV light emittance (2014, March 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-03-wild-animals-power-lines-due.html (Phys.org) —A team of researchers from several institutions in the U.K. and Norway has published a paper in the journal Conservation Biology suggesting that the reason wild animals avoid power lines is because they are bothered by visible UV light. Humans cannot see UV light, and have thus been mystified as to why deer and other animals avoid power lines and the sometimes large frameworks that hold them.
Discovery of new subatomic particle sheds light on fundamental force of nature This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Best of Last Week – Nobel prize winners announced, new kind of fusion reactor and a new drug that destroys tumors (2014, October 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-10-week-nobel-prize-winners-kind.html Another team at the Joint Quantum Institute has used incoherent light to get sharp images from dull detectors—it’s taking them into a fuzzy area between classical and quantum light. And, the discovery of a new subatomic particle is shedding light on the fundamental force of nature—researchers with the University of Warwick found the particle (dubbed Ds3*(2860)) using the Large Hadron Collider. They believe it will “transform our understanding” of the fundamental force of nature that binds the nuclei of atoms.In applied applications, a team of engineers at Washington University has come up with a design for a fusion reactor that could be cheaper than using coal—they claim scaling it to the size of a coal plant would make the plant economical. Meanwhile another team of researchers has come to the conclusion that there are only four unique city topologies—they used data from OpenStreetMap and mathematics to come to this conclusion.Also, some good news came from a combined team of researchers looking into the mechanism that underlies diabetes—they’ve actually discovered a “good” fat that fights diabetes—a new class of molecules that appears to protect both mice and humans from the onset of the debilitating disease. And in an interesting bit of research, a team of scientists has traced the evolutionary history of Arctic bacteria and in so doing, have found a long evolution of toxic mercury resistance—a finding that could have implications on research that involves looking for life on other planets.And finally, researchers at QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute announced that they’ve found a cancer drug that destroys tumors in pre-clinical trials—it’s still preliminary work, but the implications are staggering—imagine if doctors could actually destroy cancer tumors with a simple drug made from the seeds of a rainforest plant. It was another banner week for physics as the Nobel Prize in physics was announced—Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura shared the prize for their work in inventing a new kind of LED. Also, mysteriously, a team of researchers working in Australia found evidence that there is just half as much dark matter in the Milky Way Galaxy as scientists have believed. © 2014 Phys.org Explore further
A thing of beauty is a joy forever’ is a statement that is especially true for Kashmir. Gallerie Ganesha presents a solo exhibition titled Paradise Regained by Alok Uniyal. Inspired by Kashmir, the show has 20 paintings in acrylics on canvas, each panoramic work defining the state’s breathtaking natural beauty, its culture and eternal romance.This is not the first time, however, that the Uniyal has brought a city’s diverse landscape alive on his canvas. In previous art outings, he has created series of paintings around Kolkata (2007), Goa (2008) and even Delhi (2010), and Kashmir is another series. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting”I always visit a place and that inspires me to paint my impressions of what I observe. I travelled to Kashmir last year in October, and despite the fact that the state has faced such turmoil, somehow it still retains its mesmerising natural beauty and charm. Why would I then want to paint harsh realities that we read about anyway in papers everyday,’ says Uniyal. The works also reflect elements of Indian traditional art – like miniature paintings and terracotta art – especially as Uniyal belongs to Uttaranchal.’
What has the journey of Ajay Devgn Films been like so far?Ajay Devgn (AD): It’s been very good. We co-produced our first film in 1996 – Pyaar Toh Hona Hi Tha. Then we made an array of films like Hindustan Ki Kasam, Dil Kya Kare, Raju Chacha, All The Best, Bol Bachchan and Son Of Sardaar. So it’s been fabulous, touch wood. Except for Raju Chacha, where I got very ambitious. The film didn’t do badly but the budgets were too high. We were talking of a Rs 30-crore budget 13 years ago. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’I had built a set and we were doing animation for the first time but I was happy that it was us who introduced CG in India. Apart from this film, all our other films have done well and made money. My intention is not to make just films but to only make good films. Otherwise, I would be making ten films a year! The idea is to make good films and to get the right scripts. In fact, currently we are working on four or five scripts, which will go on the floors in a few months. As always, they’re progressive cinema but also entertaining. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixYou were the first actor to get into production.AD: (Cuts in) Yeah, I think so! Kuch scripts aisi hoti hain jinko padhke lagta hai ki yeh aapko bannani chahiye. And you always want to experiment with it. Like Dil Kya Kare was one of those films. It did very well overseas. There were some scripts that I really wanted to make and Raju Chacha was an ambitious one, where I wanted animation of that level. And which I didn’t think any other producer could have thought of at that level for me and could actually do it. That’s why I thought I might as well do it! So, it’s all about belief in a film and if you rope in someone else, he or she would want to chip in with their ideas. You may want to make a particular film your way and the other person may not be on the same page. Some people approach you with their vision and if you believe in their vision, you team up with them. At the same time, when you come across a film and you think only you can justify it, you go with your gut feel.You have a very lean, mean organisation.AD: I believe that few people can do their job but it is very important that they know their job. Today, when we meet with corporates, Tees log aakar baith jaate hain, ussmein se 15 log kya kar rahe hain hamein pata hi nahi hota. Meeting kis baat ki ho rahi hai pata nahi hota. But that’s how they work and this is how we work. We know what we’re doing.There are no chairs here, there are faces. This is the basic difference between a corporate studio and a production house. I don’t mean to criticise corporatisation but too many cooks can spoil the broth. A crowd only leads to confusion. But our company knows who’s doing what, their respective strengths and weaknesses, and each one of us gives our best.All the films you have produced feature you as the lead actor in them. Do you see that changing?AD: Yes, that’s changing! Like I said, we are working on four to five films right now. Out of them, only two of them feature me in the cast.Apart from being the first to get into production and distribution, you’ve always believed in budding talent and have worked with first-time directors.AD: (Smiles) Anees Bazmi, Rohit Shetty and Bunty (Milan Luthria) started with us. When I worked with these guys, they were all new directors and now they are very big directors. I am going to do the same in future too.Looking back… What made you sign Prakash Jha for Dil Kya Kare although he was in a lull phase?AD: I heard the script of Dil Kya Kare and, yes, Prakashji was going through a lull phase. I told him I loved the script a lot. It was a unique script at the time and I wanted to promote films like that. So I asked him if he would let me produce it. He agreed immediately. Basically, I am the only commercial actor who started dabbling with films like Thakshak or Zakhm because I wanted to balance things. I have learnt a lot from Bhatt saab (Mahesh Bhatt), Prakashji (Prakash Jha) and Govindji (Govind Nihalani). My growth as a performer has come from their abilities.After Dil Kya Kare, you worked with Prakash Jha again, on Gangaajal, which was like Jha-sir’s revival in commercial cinema.AD: Because I believe in that kind of cinema. I feel Prakashji found a great balance between telling a story, engaging the audience and saying something more. You don’t expect films like these to do extraordinary business because they are also social-oriented. Somewhere, you should do films like these as well as long as they are not disasters. They are like oxygen to acting and the other films are oxygen to stardom.You have stood by directors, regardless of their track record. Did you do that to create goodwill?AD: It is not about goodwill! Rohit and Bunty started their careers with me as assistants. We shared a great rapport and I promised them that I would do a film with them whenever they were ready. And that’s what I did.The fact that your banner carries your name, do you think it becomes a liability sometimes given your stature as a star?AD: One has to be very careful with what you are associating with. Now, I can’t name the film but I wouldn’t want to be associated with a vulgar film.What type of films does Ajay Devgn Films stand for?AD: Commercial, good… everything! Where people like watching the film and where you can make something that is sensitive and nice, and which is still commercial.One final question – how does Ajay, the actor, help Ajay Devgn, the producer, and vice-versa?AD: I make better cinema that way. Ajay, as an actor, has his upside also for a production house. In terms of a producer helping the actor, you realise that there’s a certain sincerity when you think ki yaar agar you’ll leave it and not do a good job then kitna nuksaan ho jayega. As a child, I used to go on the sets with my dad. I won’t name the actor but woh aaram se 2:30 pm tak aate the aur sab dhoop main baithe rehte thhe. Tab namake-up vans hoti thi na umbrellas hote thhe. And that actor would come giving gaalis and throwing his weight around. And the entire unit would bad-mouth him behind his back. I never forgot that. That’s when I decided I would never arrive late for a shoot. Warna log mujhe bhi gaali denge.– With special arrangement with Box Office India
Art lovers can head on to Delhi Art Gallery as it brings you the exhibition Indian Abstracts: An Absence of Form that charts the development of abstraction in modern Indian art. The show displays about 350 works by over 60 artists. The exhibition features works of prominent and significant Indian abstractionists like – VS Gaitonde, SH Raza, Ram Kumar, Nasreen Mohammedi, Zarina Hashmi, Jeram Patel, Shanti Dave, Ganesh Haloi, Krishna Reddy, J Swaminathan and V Vishwanadhan. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The exhibition brings together work spanning a vast range of styles that have evolved in modern Indian art. Indian abstract artists drew on a range of influences in their work – Western abstract art, in particular the works of artists such as Klee, Rothko, Pollock or Calder, East-Asian influences, and significantly, a range of traditional, tribal, folk and tantric art – for their techniques, themes and approaches. Additionally, it also brings together lesser-known abstract works of artists that are known for their fidelity to figurative or representative art – these feature artists such as MF Husain, Somnath Hore, Dharamnarayan Dasgupta, Benode Behari Mukherjee, Sunil Das and Rabin Mondal – their abstract works are a delight to behold and add significantly to our understanding of Indian modernism’s journey.An over 400-page, substantial volume of art scholarship has accompany this significant exhibition, featuring colour plates of artworks and scholarship by leading art historians examining the journey of the abstract in Indian art.When: On till 30 SeptemberWhere: Delhi Art Gallery, 11 Hauz Khas Village
Kolkata: A major fire broke out at a storeroom packed with garments off Foreshore Road in Howrah at around 12.30 am on Sunday. Ten fire tenders were pressed into service to douse the flames. Firefighters took around six long hours to douse the flames.Locals saw smoke billowing out of the huge storeroom situated close to the bank of river Hooghly and informed the state Fire and Emergency Services department.Locals initiated the work to douse the flames. Fire fighters took the minimum time to reach the spot and initiated the work properly to extinguish the fire. An officer of the state Fire and Emergency Services department said the exact reason behind the fire could not be ascertained yet. But they are suspecting electric short circuit led to the incident. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe officer further said the storeroom is situated close to the river bank. As a result, a gush of wind from the river side prompted the fire to spread fast and it spread to the entire go down within a short span of time.It also made the task difficult for the firefighters. The fire fighters took necessary steps and restricted the flames from spreading to the adjacent structures. They worked the entire night and doused the flames by 6 am in morning. Locals, who witnessed the incident, said the situation turned worse when the roof over a portion of the godown collapsed. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe fire fighters had managed to enter the storeroom after bringing the situation under control and they searched inside the storeroom to become sure that there was no one inside. Police confirmed that there was no one inside the storeroom as it was a Sunday. The entire godown was gutted but the total extend of damage is yet to be ascertained. The fire department officials are trying to ascertain whether there was proper fire fighting measures in the storeroom.
“The book has been written by one of Hindi literature’s most respected poets and authors, Yatindra Mishra, with the full co-operation of Lata ji. It will be translated by Sahitya Akademi Award winning author Ira Pande,” Penguin Random House said in a statement today.The book Lata Mangeshkar: A Musical Journey is based on an exclusive and long-running series of interviews which Mishra has had with Mangeshkar over several years.It contains
‘Beyond Colours’, a mesmerising colourful painting, sculptures and photography exhibition kick-starts amidst the sparkling inauguration ceremony at the Visual Art Gallery of Delhi’s most happening place, India Habitat Centre.According to the organiser and curator, Amrita Prakash, the exhibition will depict the masterpieces of paintings, sculptures and the photographs, clicked by experts in their varied fields. The exhibition is on for the visitors till May 9 from 10 am to 8 pm. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfSpeaking on the inaugration, the guest of honour, Vijendra said, “I am feeling an immense honour to inaugurate this blissful colourful painting exhibition organised under the expert supervision and guidance of curator, Amrita Prakash. I just don’t have enough words to express my gratitude and happiness.” The works displayed by the varied artists are remarkable and spell-bound. On the one hand, where Anita Dinesh’s expert selection of vivid mesmerising colours depict the wonderful ways of worshipping to Lord Shankar; on the other hand, Archana Singh’s perfect blends of eye-soothing colours on her canvas depicts the real harsh conditions in which the ‘adivaasi’ community people are forced to live in. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIf one wants to attain the eternal peace, then Bindu Chutani’s paintings are the perfect solution. Using the perfect blends of water colours on the canvas, Bindu’s paintings of flowers look so real and majestic that it soothes a person’s eyes and lets her/himself feel an eternal peace.Highlighting the main purpose of organising such Exhibition, the Curator, Amrita Prakash said, “We have organised this exhibition not only to provide our art lovers an opportunity to experience the power of mesmerising colours, but also to give our artists of all ages and groups of the society a stage or platform to showcase their inevitable works in the public as well. The main attraction of our exhibition is the display of masterpiece sculptures by our very special artist, Vivek Kumar. Besides being a differently-abled, Vivek has created such beautiful sculptures that could lead a person to be spell-bound. In order to ease our art lovers, the entry to the exhibition has been made free of cost!”
You may experience mixed emotions before getting your first tattoo. Think hard before you take the plunge so that it’s not an impulsive decision, say experts. Tattoo artists have rounded up some important points you must consider before getting inked: Choice of tattoo design: Tattoos are forever. It is a permanent piece of art on the skin. One should go in for a personalised, meaningful design and take suggestions from the tattoo artist as well. It should never be done in a hurry. One should never regret getting any of their tattoos. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfChoosing the artist: Just because a tattoo shop is in your neighbourhood, doesn’t mean you have to get it done there itself. Make sure you’ve done enough research about the place before you get the tattoo done. It is important to check the reviews, authenticity and work of tattoo artist/studio. Once you find a reputed artist, visit the studio for a consultation. Inspecting the studio: The most important thing about getting a tattoo done is to get it done at a safe and hygienic shop to avoid catching any infection or other diseases. The shop should be clutter-free and may smell good. But, one needs to make sure that all tools are sanitised.
Kolkata: Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation (BMC) will impose 15 per cent penalty if the house owners do not clear all property tax arrears by September 30.The decision was taken at the monthly meeting of the civic body held recently. The civic body had sent several notices to the defaulters requesting them to clear the dues at the earliest. But, the move failed to yield results. Now, the civic authorities will sent the notices asking the property owners to clear the arrears by September 30 failing which 15 per cent penalty will be imposed. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe development work carried out by the civic body is badly hit because of paucity of funds and collection of house tax arrears worth several crores of rupees will help to tide over this problem. Because of court cases, the civic body could not collect property tax properly for many years. Now, as the legal wrangle is over the civic authorities will launch drives to collect property tax dues. The money collected from tax dues will be spent to maintain the infrastructure as well as implementation of the new schemes. The civic authorities have also decided that from now onwards like property tax, the people will get birth and death certificates and trade license fees. The building plans will be given on line and training has been imparted to the employees for smooth implementation of the scheme.
Girls tend to be more affected by ‘maths anxiety’ than boys, according to a study which shows that teachers and parents may inadvertently play a role in a child developing the fear of numbers. While mathematics is often considered a hard subject, not all difficulties with the subject result from cognitive difficulties. Many children and adults experience feelings of anxiety, apprehension, tension or discomfort when confronted by a maths problem. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfScientists at the University of Cambridge in the UK explored the nature and resolution of ‘mathematics anxiety’. In a sample of 1,000 Italian students, the researchers found that girls in both primary and secondary school had higher levels of both maths anxiety and general anxiety. More detailed investigation in 1,700 UK school children found that a general feeling that maths was more difficult than other subjects often contributed to maths anxiety. Students pointed to poor marks or test results, or negative comparisons to peers or siblings as reasons for feeling anxious. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”While every child’s maths anxiety may be different, with unique origins and triggers, we found several common issues among both the primary and secondary school students that we interviewed,” said Denes Szucs from the University of Cambridge. Students often discussed the role that their teachers and parents played in their development of maths anxiety. Primary-aged children referred to instances where they had been confused by different teaching methods, while secondary students commented on poor interpersonal relations. Secondary students indicated that the transition from primary to secondary school had been a cause of maths anxiety, as the work seemed harder and they could not cope. There was also greater pressure from tests and an increased homework load. Teachers and parents also need to be aware that their maths anxiety might influence the child’s maths anxiety and that gendered stereotypes about mathematics suitability and ability might contribute to the gender gap in maths performance. “Teachers, parents, brothers and sisters and classmates can all play a role in shaping a child’s maths anxiety,” said Ros McLellan from Cambridge, adding “Parents and teachers should also be mindful of how they may unwittingly contribute to a child’s anxiety. Tackling their own anxieties and belief systems might be the first step to helping their children or students,” said McLellan. The researchers said that as maths anxiety is present from a young age but may develop as the child grows, further research should be focused on how maths anxiety can be best remediated before any strong link with performance begins to emerge.
In 1977, an investor paid $3,000 to purchase the dismembered penis of the famous military leader and emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. According to Time Magazine, the dismembered penis measured one and a half inches in length when it was purchased. The price was based on an unconventional “appraisal,” where each inch was deemed to be worth $1,000.Perhaps the only thing stranger than the $3,000 purchase, is the dismembered organ’s 50-year trek across the Western World.Napoleon Bonaparte“The penis had taken on quite a mythic status,” said Tony Perrottet, author of Napoleon’s Privates: 2,500 Years of History Unzipped. “It was in a little leather presentation box, and it had been fried out in the air. It hadn’t been put in the formaldehyde, so it as rather the worse for wear, a bit like beef jerky.”According to Perrottet, Napoleon’s doctor took the penis during Napoleon’s autopsy, after Napoleon died on the island of St. Helena in 1821. The military giant had been exiled there and likely died of stomach cancer.Napoleon on His Death Bed, by Horace Vernet, 1826.The doctor gave the penis to a priest, who smuggled it into Corsica, shortly before he was murdered. Next, the penis fell into the hands of a British collector in 1916.Perrottet claims that the French government turned down an opportunity to buy the penis, and it went on to become a public relic for the next 50 years. In 1927, it was even put on display in New York by an American rare books dealer who had bought the penis in 1924.Mort de Napoléon Ier à Sainte-Hélène, le 5 mai 1821, by Charles de Steuben, c. 1828Finally, in 1977, a urologist and professor decided to end the notoriety of Napoleon’s dismembered penis by purchasing it for $3,000. Not wanting to draw any more attention to the penis, Lattimer kept it under his bed and refused to show it to anyone who asked to see it.Since then, rumors have circulated that a subsequent offer was made to purchase the penis for $100,000. If the offer was real, that would be a total return on investment of about 3,200 percent.The sarcophagus of Napoleon Bonaparte. Photo by Son of Groucho CC BY 2.0Had Lattimer decided to part with the penis, it would have been a more profitable investment than Facebook, Google, Microsoft or even Apple.For example, on May 18, 2012, Facebook’s stock was priced at $38. Six years later, on August 7, 2018, the stock price was about $185. This is almost a 500 percent return on investment over a period of six years, making Napoleon’s penis potentially six and a half times more profitable than Facebook.Historic Noblemen and their ridiculous nicknamesOn August 19, 2004, Google’s stock was priced at $85. Fourteen years later, on August 7, 2018, their stock price was about $1,250. In spite of being a near 1,500 percent return on investment, Napoleon’s penis was potentially more than twice as profitable.Napoleon is often represented in his green colonel uniform of the Chasseur à Cheval of the Imperial Guard, the regiment that often served as his personal escort, with a large bicorne and a hand-in-waistcoat gesture.On March 13, 1986, Microsoft’s stock was priced at $21. Thirty-two years later, on August 7, 2018, the stock price was about $108. This is approximately a 500 percent return on investment over a period of more than three decades, making Napoleon’s penis potentially six times more profitable than Microsoft.Actor dressed as Napoleon. Historical costume.On December 12, 1980, Apple’s stock was priced at just $22. Thirty-eight years later, on August 7, 2018, the stock price was about $207. This is just shy of a 1,000 percent return on investment over a period of nearly forty years, making Napoleon’s penis potentially more than three times as profitable.Read another story from us: Myths of History: Was Napoleon Bonaparte Short?When Lattimer died in 2007, the famous penis went to his daughter Evan. No records exist that it has changed owners since then. On May 10, 2011, Time Magazine named Napoleon’s Penis as one of the “10 most famous stolen body parts.”Marea Harris is a professional freelance writer with over 7 years of experience. Having an MBA from a reputable university in the UK, Marea has researched and written thousands of articles to date.
Michael Jackson is a divisive figure — on the one hand he is arguably the most influential musician of the 20th century, on the other hand, his behavior in later life became synonymous with lavish eccentricity. By the age of 50, he had amassed a vast fortune which allowed him to indulge every whim, no matter how strange it seemed to the outside world.This behavior became fodder for the tabloid press who gave him the nickname “Wacko Jacko.”Jackson in Las Vegas, 2003 Photo by Keir Whitaker CC By 2.0It’s not clear who started the nickname but even in the 1980s, there were whispers in the tabloids that Michael was sleeping in an oxygen tank to maintain his youthful looks.However, as reported by the Sydney Morning Herald, this wasn’t exactly true, “a 1986 tale about him sleeping in an oxygen coffin and another story about him seeking to buy the bones of The Elephant Man were both fictions fed by Jackson to a hungry media.” He did, however, own a £22,000 gold-plated Egyptian sarcophagus.Michael Jackson’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.By 1987, Jackson had purchased his famous Neverland Ranch and over the next decade he would create his very own theme park with rides, a video arcade, and a zoo.His spending went on unabated. The cost of running Neverland was said to be £160,000 a month and he showered his friends with expensive gifts, such as a $1 million necklace for Elizabeth Taylor.He loved exotic animals and famously had a chimp called Bubbles and a giraffe called Jabbar.Jackson at the White House being presented with an award by President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan, 1984.The Wacko Jacko moniker went into overdrive when Jackson started to drastically alter his appearance.According to Jackson, he suffered from a rare skin condition called vitiligo which caused his skin to lose pigmentation.While there is medical evidence supporting this claim, it is also true that he used skin bleaching techniques to maintain an even coloration leading to a lightening of the skin.Jackson performing in 1988. Photo by Gaston S/Kpo! 09 CC BY-SA 3.0Around the same time, Jackson started to undergo plastic surgery which he claimed was to help him breathe. Looking at photos of Jackson show evidence of work done not only to his nose but also to his cheeks, lips and chin.In 2009 in a TV interview when asked about his surgeries, Jackson said “That’s stupid. Come on, none of it’s true, none of it’s true. They lie, the tabloids. No one gives me credit for anything . . . Don’t believe that stupidity, don’t waste your money on it, you’re buying something that’s not true, it’s garbage.”Jackson performing in June 1988. Photo by Zoran Veselinovic CC-BY-SAFrom 1993, Jackson became embroiled in a scandal that would follow him for the rest of his life. Jackson has always denied any wrongdoing and claims his sleepovers were never of a sexual nature — he is quoted in the Daily Mail as saying “We’re going to sleep, I tuck them in and I put a little music on and when it’s story time I read a book. I give them hot milk, you know, we have cookies. It’s very charming, very sweet.”Around 1994, Jackson hit the headlines again with his ill-fated marriage to Lisa-Marie Presley which lasted less than two years. After this he married nurse Debbie Rowe, who he had two children with.Jackson at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival for the Ghosts music video premiere. Photo by Georges Biard CC BY-SA 3.0Jackson would add another child to his brood with an anonymous surrogate. He took full custody of all three children and made sure that they were kept out of the public eye, wearing something to cover their faces whenever they were outside Neverland.For a celebrity such as Michael Jackson, this need for privacy can be understood but this decision was met with critical scrutiny from the press.There was also the unfortunate moment where he dangled his third child from a balcony, something he later said he regretted but was used at the time to show a lack of parenting skills.Read another story from us: Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney’s Feud Over Beatles Song RightsMichael Jackson passed away on June 25, 2009 and will be remembered both for his far-reaching effect on music and culture and for his extravagant lifestyle.
When it comes to bold, in-your-face fashion statements, it would be pretty hard to beat that testosterone-tinged invention of the 15th and 16th centuries — the bulging codpiece. There is an abundance of theories as to exactly why these none-too-coy cover-ups caught on. Most historians believe that codpieces were, quite simply, created to conceal men’s naughty bits.In the 15th century, the typical uniform consisted of a snug-fitting jacket (known as a doublet) paired with hose to cover the legs.Portrait of Alessandro Farnese (Rome, 1545-Arras, 1592).Slipped over the whole shabang, a mantle or cloak. However, unlike the pantyhose women wear today, this hose covered the legs, but not the crotch (and no, they didn’t wear briefs back then), similar to a pair of chaps or waders used when fly-fishing. Instead, the hose fastened onto the doublet with buttons or string ties.Over the years, the doublet and mantle inched shorter and shorter, making the bulge of a gentleman’s privates more conspicuous beneath their flimsy undershirts. And on certain occasions — say, when a gentleman hoisted himself up onto his horse — onlookers got quite an eyeful.Metal codpieces, 16th century.Anthropologist Grace W. Vicary offers an entirely different — and intriguing — explanation for their existence. Vicary surmised that longer codpieces might have been used to help relieve the nasty symptoms of venereal disease by keeping medication close to one’s member and preventing it from seeping through to their outer clothing.Still others believe codpieces were a none-so-subtle way to call attention to one’s equipment, suggesting adept sexual prowess and masterful bonking in the bedchamber.Armor of Ferdinand I, (1549) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.Perhaps. Actually, in the beginning, the codpiece was a rather modest affair, made from a small, triangular piece of fabric (usually wool or linen). But as time wore on, it became more exaggerated, both in length and in girth (thanks to padding).In, uh, short: Codpieces, initially created to help conceal a man’s equipment, soon emphasized his equipment. All of which rubbed some the wrong way. French philosopher Michel de Montaigne, writing in the 1580s, criticized the lusty look thusly: “An empty and useless model of a member that we cannot even decently mention by name, which however we show off and parade in public.”Full armor of Henry VIII in the Tower of London. Photo by Michel Wal CC BY-SA 3.0No kidding. Portraits from the 16th century are proof that the codpiece had reached jaw-dropping dimensions. Henry VIII, never one for modesty, embraced the trend in a big way.His 1540 armor on display in the Tower of London includes a ridiculously huge metal appendage. (Legend has it, female tourists visiting the Tower would stick pins into his package in the hope that it would boost their fertility.)King Henry VIII’s armour, Tower of London. Photo by flowcomm CC BY 2.0It wasn’t just the size that mattered. Pretty soon codpieces were taken to the next level, cut from luxurious fabrics, such as silk and velvet, with jewels and embroidery added for good measure.Duke Heinrich the Devout (1526)In the countries of Northern Europe, they were often embellished with colorful bows. Some were even used as purses, keeping precious coins and jewels close at hand — which, yes, may be how the expression “family jewels” was born.Archduke Rudolf, the later Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor. He is wearing pumpkin hose (pluderhose) with a codpiece.Eventually, this randy bit of exhibitionism came to an end. Tastes during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, particularly in the royal courts of England and France, started to run more toward dandier duds.Read another story from us: Nipple Rings for Aristocrats – The Wild Victorian Fashion TrendElaborate ruffs (stiff, wide, pleated collars) and bombasting (aggressively padded shoulders, arms, and chest, designed to create a more muscular and intimidating look), both craftily directing attention upward to — Hey, eyes up here people! — the face, chest, arms, and hips.
One of the largest cut diamonds on the planet, the Koh-i-Noor diamond, also known as the Kohinoor or Koh-i-Nur, weighs in at 105.6 carats and is one of the most prized pieces in the outstanding collection of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. Kept safely under lock and key in the Tower of London alongside the likes of St. Edward’s Crown and the sovereign’s sceptres, the diamond is a one of a kind piece with a truly fascinating history.A groundbreaking book entitled Koh-i-Noor: The History of the World’s Most Infamous Diamond and written by historian duo Anita Anand and William Dalrymple, suggests that a lot of what we thought we knew about the diamond’s past is actually all based around a myth, and that the true story, as shared by Smithsonian, is very different.Koh-i-Noor old version. Photo by Chris 73 CC BY-SA 3.0As with any story, to really understand the true tale of the Koh-i-Noor, we have to go right back to the beginning. The start of the diamond’s story is a rather hazy one, with no exact date for when the Koh-i-Noor was actually found, nor where it originally came from.Koh i Noor diamond. Photo by Chris73 CC BY-SA 3.0All we do know is that in 1628, Shah Jahan, a Mughal ruler, ordered the construction of an incredible throne, fitted with priceless gems and diamonds. The Koh-i-Noor was one of the many gems that decorated this throne, being given pride of place at the very top of the regal seat. It was placed in the heart of a peacock, and the throne itself became known as the Peacock Throne. The Mughal Empire reigned supreme in India and beyond for another century, but its power and wealth began to attract other rulers and powers.One of Ranjit Singh’s favourite horses with the head of his stables. His jewels are shown, to scale, including the Koh-i-Noor (top centre)In the 18th century, Persian ruler Nader Shah launched an invasion of Delhi. Countless lives were lost as Nader’s men plundered the city for all they could find, taking gold, gems, and the priceless Peacock Throne.Nader specifically removed the Koh-i-Noor diamond from the throne in order to wear it on his arm. It was taken out of India and into what would eventually become present-day Afghanistan, passing between various rulers at a time of conflict in Central Asia.Painting of the (later) Peacock Throne in the Diwan-i-Khas of the Red Fort, around 1850It was at this time of turmoil and uncertainty that the British colonists began to exploit the situation to gain control over India and neighboring territories.In the early 1800s, the British East India Company started to expand its influence. The British knew of the existence of the Koh-i-Noor and plotted to claim it as their own. In 1813, the diamond fell into the hands of a Sikh ruler named Ranjit Singh.Where past owners of the Koh-i-Noor had prized the gem for its monetary value and beauty, Singh saw it in an even greater light. For him, the diamond had spiritual and powerful significance, and it subsequently became even more desirable to the British.The Koh-i-noor diamond in its original settingBy owning a jewel that was seen as the embodiment of the Indian people and country, the colonial forces could truly prove their dominance.When Singh died in 1839, the British push to claim the Koh-i-Noor intensified. However, they had to wait until 1849 to finally get their hands on it. It was at that time, after another tumultuous period for India, that the next individual in line to the throne was a 10-year-old boy named Duleep Singh. The British put Duleep’s mother in prison and forced him to sign a document to hand over the Koh-i-Noor and relinquish his own claim to power.Engraving of the 1852 re-cutting of the Koh-i-NoorThen, for the first time, the diamond left the continent and was placed into the possession of Queen Victoria herself. The diamond was put on display for the British public in 1851, but people were actually quite disappointed with its appearance, after hearing and reading so many stories of how beautiful and powerful it was.Related Video: Amazing Viking TreasuresShortly after this, Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, decided to have the diamond cut and polished once more, making it shinier but also halving its size. Queen Victoria then wore the diamond as a brooch for several years, and it eventually became a part of the Crown Jewels.Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 1854Nowadays, the diamond is housed with the other jewels in the Tower of London, on the other side of the world to its original home. It has been taken out and displayed for certain special occasions, but hasn’t been seen since 2002 during the funeral of the Queen Mother. Now, some historians and experts both in the UK and internationally are starting to ask whether the diamond really belongs in Britain at all.Queen Victoria by BassanoHistory has seen countless cases of valuable items, heirlooms, artworks, and other treasures being appropriated in times of conflict, but then later returned to their rightful owners. But there seems to be no desire or sense of obligation on the part of the British Royal Family to return the diamond to India.The Koh-i-Noor in the front cross of Queen Mary’s CrownAccording to Jane Milosch of the Smithsonian, post-colonial collections are quite a hot topic for historians, museums and research institutions all over the world, as there tends to be more of a gray area when it comes to deciding who really has a rightful claim to these kinds of items, as the countries and situations involved have changed greatly over the years.Whatever the future holds for the diamond, Anand hopes that the findings regarding its origins and the true nature of its arrival on British soil needs to be made clearer to the people.Read another story from us: The Dazzling ‘Hope Diamond’ has Brought Misery to all of its Illustrious OwnersThe general public in the United Kingdom and elsewhere has been taught that the Koh-i-Noor was given as a gift to the UK, when the real story is clearly very different. Perhaps by clarifying the history of objects like the Koh-i-Noor, more sensible and educated decisions can be made regarding the ownership of these items.
One of the most incredible rescues you’re ever likely to see happened when a Danish roofer recently found himself trapped on the roof of a burning six story building.Instead of succumbing to the blaze, the guy channeled John McClain and escaped the inferno by hanging onto a crane hook that eventually lowered him to safety.Sometimes you just have to look death in the eye and tell it to go straight to hell.Yippy ki-yay….h/t BarstoolSports
Cincy linebacker Vontaze Burfict jumped a Kirk Cousins pass in the second quarter of today’s preseason game against the Redskins and took it to the house for a pick six.After the score, the controversial Burfict jumped into the FedEx Field stands, but it wasn’t to go after someone, it was to celebrate his TD by pretending he was a fan, waiving back to the other players on the field.Vontaze has a bad rep, and much of it deserved, but this is here is a quality group celebration.we gonna be honest about kirk this year or nah? RT @firstandskol: Vontaze Burfict with a pick six on Kirk Cousins pic.twitter.com/ODHmXQeWM1— Chaos and Disorder (@onlychyld) August 27, 2017 Advertisement