29 October 2003The Western Cape government has confirmed a R265 000 grant to expand the seven-year old Dysselsdorp liqourice plant.The plant – which extracts liqourice from a root that grows in abundance in the area – was initiated as a small-scale income-generating project for the community, and has since developed into a high-quality liquorice liquid and powder operation that exports its products.The project recently signed a 10-year contract valued at R500 000 with tobacco manufacturer British American Tobacco to supply the company with liqourice, which will ensure consistent income for the plant. Liquorice is said to be essential for the manufacture of tobacco.The plant is also engaged in talks with an international airline to supply it with liquorice sweets, and a deal is expected to be reached soon.The provincial economic development department said the facility employs both permanent and temporary staff, which has helped to reduce the area’s high unemployment rate, estimated at 40 percent. Last year, the plant generated turnover of R900 000.The province’s spokesman, Thabo Mabaso, said the plant employs eight permanent staff on an average salary of over R2 000 per month, while seasonal workers who earn an average wage of R300 per week are employed for six-month periods.Mabaso said the workers had started manufacturing liquorice sweets and essential oils plant, which will make the project more sustainable. “The essential oils plant is currently being built, and will add much-needed value and jobs to the project”, he said.Source: BuaNews
The cover of one of Hugh Tracey’srecordings of Zambian music. Hugh Tracey in an undated picture withPygmies of Central Africa. Hugh Tracey with his record collection.(Images: Ilam)Khanyi MagubaneFind out more about using MediaClubSouthAfrica.com materialRecordings of rarely heard traditional African music collected over a period of 50 years by music historian Hugh Tracey are now available to anyone on earth via the internet.The International Library of African Music (Ilam), based at Rhodes University in the Eastern Cape, is in the process of digitising the music, which Tracey recorded in the southern, eastern and central regions of Africa.Established in 1954 by Tracey, Ilam has digitised 20 000 songs, of which 14 000 are now available online from the organisation’s archives.The process of digitising the music has been a collective team effort. The team consists of sound technicians – engineer Elijah Madiba and his assistant Hilton Borerwe.To give the project chronological order and historical context, ethnomusicologist Dr Lee Watkins and cataloguing librarian, Michelle Boysen, were brought in to complete the digitising process undertaken by the technicians.Eight Rhodes University final year students who had been trained in data and sound capturing were also recruited to participate.Tracey had been collecting music in remote parts of Africa for 25 years when he established the music library.According to Ilam, “From its inception, Hugh Tracey’s vision for Ilam was to encourage respect for African music and perpetuation of its traditional styles.”Discovering African soundsTracey’s journey began in 1920, when the 17-year-old arrived in Africa from England.He arrived in southern Rhodesia (modern day Zimbabwe) with his brother, who had been given a piece of land to farm.Soon after their arrival, Tracey quickly picked up the Karanga dialect of the Shona language by working alongside the Karanga farm workers in the fields.It was during this time, whilst listening to the farm workers singing, that he was introduced to African music.His love for the art form grew, and it became his lifelong passion.Tracey started recording singles with some of the farm workers in Johannesburg, and these were distributed across the world, with some of the music played as far as New York.In the early 1930s, Tracey made contact with composers from the Royal College of Music in London, who encouraged him to continue with his musical research.In 1973, when he released his biggest LP recording of the indigenous music collection he had amassed, he wrote in the introduction, “The history of this collection of authentic African music, songs, legends and stories is in many ways a personal one.“It dates back to the early 1920s when I first sang and wrote down the words of African songs I heard in the tobacco fields of southern Rhodesia.”Despite the inroads Tracey was making in recording African music, he faced an uphill battle within his own community who could not understand his fascination with African music.According to Ilam, Tracey “almost immediately became aware of the resistance of the colonial community, in particular those in education, the church and government, to any suggestion that Africans had any culture or music that was worthwhile.”But this did not stop Tracey from pursuing his passion even further.He left southern Rhodesia and his travels took him to Angola, Zambia, Rwanda, Malawi, South Africa, the Congo (now the Democratic Republic of Congo), Tanzania, and Mozambique, where he partook in various traditional ceremonies and interacted with various tribes to capture their sound.When his travels brought Tracey to South Africa, he quickly learned that the tribes’ music could be divided largely into the music of the Sotho and Tswana people, and those of the Nguni – which includes the Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swati people.It wasn’t just the singing that fascinated Tracey; instrumentation used to make the music was also of great interest to him.In some of his recordings, like a 1950 release entitled, Tanzania Instruments, Tracey focused on the instruments in particular.As such, records made in South Africa were divided into the different tribal groups.As the influences of jazz started to dominate secular music, Tracey also augmented his recordings to reflect this.In 1950, and again in 1952, the music historian recorded the new contemporary sounds of jazz and this resulted in the albums, Bulawayo Jazz from Zimbabwe and Colonial Dance Bands which consisted of jazz music he had recorded in eastern and southern countries.As he was one of the very few ethnomusicologists of his time actively in the field, Tracey gained recognition for his work and was duly appointed to a number of influential positions.From 1936 to 1947, Tracey promoted African music as the head of the KwaZulu-Natal studios of the South African Broadcasting Corporation.He also worked for Gallo as their head of African Music Research Unit.He also published two critically acclaimed books, Chopi Musicians (1948) and African Dances of the Witwatersrand Gold Mines (1952).Preserving Tracey’s legacyWhen Hugh Tracey died in 1977, his son Andrew became the new director of Ilam.The institute originally operated as an independent body of archiving, research and a sound library with international funding.When, in 1978 funding was cut in protest against the apartheid regime, Andrew needed a new home for the institute.Rhodes University came to the party and Ilam moved to Grahamstown, where it still is today.Now a retired academic, Tracey says his father’s passion for African music was passed on to him.Speaking to Eastern Cape based newspaper The Herald, Tracey says he immersed himself deeply into the music. “My approach was different from my father’s. He did most of the recording. I spent time with the musicians to learn more about the music and to play the different instruments.”Current Ilam director and ethnomusicologist Prof. Diane Thram, says on Ilam’s website that once the digitisation process is complete, the entire collection will be available internationally. “When the Ilam archive is professionally catalogued and digitised, its holdings will be accessible to the world-at-large through this website linked to the Rhodes University library on-line catalogue (Opac) and an e-commerce website currently under development.”Do you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: email@example.com Useful linksInternational Library of African MusicRhodes UniversityThe Africa Guide
Add flares to your video shots using this simple in-camera DIY solution.There’s a ton of ways to add flares to your videos in post, but there’s no substitute for achieving this organic effect in-camera. We’re digging this DIY technique by recent creativeLIVE presenter Lindsay Adler.In the short video below, Lindsay demonstrates how she created a custom flare filter using a cheap crystal (bought online) and a simple lens filter (a low cost UV filter does the trick). By gluing the crystal to directly to the filter, you can create unique refracted light effects that give the video image a dream-like quality. This DIY solution, is super cheap and easy to create.This isn’t a technique that you’ll use on a ton of shots – but given the right subject matter (fashion or weddings, for example) it’s one that can be really impactful.Check out the quick tutorial and example shots below – a snippet from Lindsay’s full creativeLIVE workshop “Keep it Simple: Video for Photographers“.Thanks to DIYPhotography.net for tipping us off to this video.
Two special police teams headed by the deputy commissioner of police, Zone I and Zone II respectively, have been formed to look into mob lynching and violence in Navi Mumbai under a Supreme Court order.The State government issued a Government Resolution (GR) to form a special squad exclusively to handle mob violence. “The main intention is to mainatin peace, law and order in the city. The team will conduct meetings at the most sensitive areas of the zone like villages in Uran, Nhava Sheva and Panvel taluka, and be in touch with the police patil in these areas. They will spread awareness on maintaining law and order and impart knowledge of sections that could land those involved in mob lynching or violence behind bars,” Deputy Commissioner of Police, Zone II, Ashok Dudhe said.The eight-member team will keep a watch on various organisations in the areas in their jurisdiction. “The team will first look into any untoward incident. Anyone found inciting violence or hatred which could lead to mob violence will also be booked as per the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code,” Sudhakar Pathare, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Zone II, said. Each team will have an assistant commissioner of police, one police inspector, two assistant police inspectors and four staff. “They will book anyone found spreading rumours or fake news that could incite a mob,” Mr. Dudhe said.Police are hopeful that mobs will be controlled better during a protest. On July 25, during the Maratha morcha, a huge rasta roko staged at Kalamboli on Sion-Panvel highway had blocked the Mumbai-Pune Expressway for close to six hours. The Sion Panvel highway too was blocked at various places from Vashi to Kalamboli. At Koparkhairane, around 100 vehicles were damaged, a police chowky and seven vehicles were burnt and a 19-year-old protestor was killed. “In the event of such protests, this team will play a major role in conducting meetings beforehand and educating people that violence will lead to severe action against them,” Mr. Pathare said. The team will also inform people that when an accused is caught, he should be handed over to police, instead of mobs taking the law into their hands.
LATEST STORIES Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion JJ Redick added 20 points for Philadelphia, which improved to 17-3 at home while winning its fourth in the last five.Wesley Matthews had 18 points to pace short-handed Dallas, which fell to 3-18 on the road. The Mavericks were without Dirk Nowitzki (rest), Devin Harris (back) and J.J. Barea (ankle). Rookie guard Jalen Brunson came off the bench to contribute 13 points, 11 rebounds and eight assists.The 76ers, who led by as many as 19 points in the second half, were seemingly in total control until Luka Doncic’s 3-pointer with just over a minute remaining cut the lead to 101-97. The lead still was four when Dwight Powell made one of two free throws for the Mavericks with 50 seconds left.“We gave ourselves a chance to win it,” Mavericks coach Rick Carlisle said.But Embiid, with “M-V-P! M-V-P!” chants raining down from the sold-out crowd, drained two foul shots with 28 seconds remaining to give Philadelphia breathing room.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Philadelphia 76ers’ Ben Simmons (25) hangs on the rim after a dunk as Jonah Bolden (43) and Dallas Mavericks’ Luka Doncic (77) look on during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Saturday, Jan. 5, 2019, in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)PHILADELPHIA — Joel Embiid and Ben Simmons carried the load without Jimmy Butler. And when Butler returns, the 76ers stars expect Philadelphia to keep rolling.Embiid had 25 points and 12 rebounds, and Simmons added 20 points, 14 rebounds and 11 assists in Philadelphia’s 106-100 victory over the Dallas Mavericks on Saturday night.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting View comments Pelicans deal Cavaliers 9th straight loss Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Embiid hit two key free throws late for Philadelphia, which was without Butler for the second straight game due to an upper respiratory infection. The four-time All-Star wasn’t around to address a published report that said he recently challenged coach Brett Brown in a disrespectful way about his role in the offense.Brown downplayed the incident before the game, and both Embiid and Simmons expressed the belief afterward that the three stars can coexist.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion“Everybody is trying to fit in,” Embiid said. “We are going to keep working on it. We are inching toward it, and we are going to get there.”Simmons added: “Jimmy’s been great, amazing for me.” SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Philadelphia acquired Butler last month with an eye on making a run to the NBA championship. But meshing Butler with stars Simmons and Embiid hasn’t always been easy, which Brown acknowledged.“There’s nobody trying to figure this out more than I am,” Brown said.BRUNSON’S RETURNBrunson, who played collegiately at nearby Villanova, was honored before the game by the Philadelphia Sports Writers Association as its Amateur Athlete of the Year after helping the Wildcats to their second national title in three years last April. Brunson’s dad, Rick, a well-traveled NBA guard who played collegiately at Temple, sat courtside to watch his son’s best game of his young career.“He was terrific all around,” Carlisle said. “He looked right at home. I was happy for him. I thought he did a lot of good things.”UP NEXTDallas: Host Lakers on Monday night.Philadelphia: Host Washington on Tuesday night. “Once again, we had to make the game interesting,” Embiid said.The 76ers had a 30-point advantage dwindle to three points before pulling out a 132-127 victory at Phoenix on Wednesday in their previous game.Philadelphia methodically pulled away, increasing a 31-26 first-quarter advantage to 59-51 at the half. The 76ers made 10 of 20 field goals in the third quarter, settling for an 87-70 lead to start the fourth.Nowitzki didn’t play on the second night of a back-to-back after going scoreless in the Mavericks’ 114-93 loss at Boston on Friday night. Nowitzki missed all 10 of his shots, including eight from 3-point range, while failing to score for just the ninth time in his 21-year career. He needed two points to become the Western Conference player with the most points on Boston’s home court.TIP-INSMavericks: DeAndre Jordan bruised his left hand in the first half but returned. . Doncic had 14 points but shot 4 for 16 from the field, including 1 for 8 from 3-point range.76ers: Philadelphia is 17-8 since acquiring Butler from the Minnesota Timberwolves in November. … Simmons reached a triple-double for the sixth time.BUTLER BABBLEBrown dismissed the Butler report before Saturday’s game.“I didn’t feel like any of that crossed the line,” Brown said. “He’s vocal. He’s all in and he has opinions, but it’s instigated by me. None of this should surprise anybody. He’s got opinions. He wants to be heard. And he should be heard.” Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next